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23 Jul

Typhoid – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Typhoid fever is a serious bacterial infection that easily spreads through contaminated water and food. Along with high fever, it can cause abdominal pains, headaches, and loss of appetite. With treatment, most people make a full recovery. But untreated typhoid can lead to life-threatening complications.

 

Causes:

Its main method of transmission is the oral-fecal route, generally spreading in contaminated water or food. It can also be passed through direct contact with an infected person.

 

Symptoms:

It can take a week or two after infection for symptoms to appear. The common symptoms observed are high fever, weakness, stomach pain, headache, poor appetite, rash, fatigue, confusion, constipation and/or diarrhea.

 

Any Affecting Organ:

The bacteria that cause typhoid fever travels from the digestive system into the blood. As the bacteria travel through the body, symptoms of high fever, headache, and overall fatigue can develop. The bacteria also affect the digestive system, which leads to stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, and weight loss. The blood can carry the bacteria to other organs including the lungs, liver, gallbladder, and kidneys. Infections in these organs can cause other problems and symptoms.

 

Prevention/Treatment:

Being careful about what you drink, watching what you eat and practicing good hygiene can prevent typhoid.

Typhoid is treated with antibiotics such as azithromycin, ceftriaxone, and fluoroquinolones.

 

Sources:

https://www.healthline.com/health/typhoid#vaccination

Qube Health
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