It is a chronic bacterial disease and highly infectious. Tuberculosis spreads through the air and affects the lungs of the person.
The infection spreads by inhalation of droplets expelled by the patient through, sneezing, coughing, yawning, speaking loudly, etc. It can also be caused by direct contact by the patient. Inhalation of dust particles containing tubercle bacilli from sputum and discharges thrown on the floor, walls, furniture, etc., can cause tuberculosis. Flies can transfer the disease. It may also spread through clothes, utensils, articles, etc. Consuming contaminated milk can infect one.
The characteristic symptoms occur slowly. Initially, the patient feels easily exhausted and fatigue doing ordinary work and feels excessive weakness. Loss of appetite, hoarseness of the throat, pain in the chest due to infected lungs. The cough secretion is tested for the presence of tubercle bacillus. X-ray film shows the extent of infection in the lungs. The patient sweats profusely at night and feels weak.
Any Affecting Organ:
Tuberculosis is commonly presented as a disease of the lungs. However, the infection can spread via blood from the lungs to all organs in the body.
To prevent tuberculosis from spreading one must stay at home, ventilate the room, cover their mouth and wear a mask.
Vaccinations are available and must be taken in the country where tuberculosis is prevailing.
Tuberculosis is usually treated with medication and one must finish their entire course.