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23 Jul

Kidney Stones – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. The development of kidney stones is related to decreased urine volume or to increased excretion of stone-forming components, such as calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine, and phosphate.

 

What are the causes of kidney stones?

There is no single cause for kidney stones but, a poor diet, lack of physical activity and dehydration can increase risks of kidney stones

 

Symptoms of kidney stones:

Symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Pain in the back, belly, or side. Kidney stone pain — also known as renal colic — is one of the most severe types of pain imaginable
  • Pain or burning during urination.
  • Blood in the urine. Cloudy or smelly urine.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Fever and chills.

 

Prevention/Treatment:

Treatment includes pain relievers and drinking lots of water to help pass the stone. Medical procedures may be required to remove or break up larger stones.

  • Supportive care
  • Increase fluid intake, Monitoring for changes or improvement, and IV fluids
  • Medical procedure
  • Extracorporeal shockwave therapy, Ureteroscopic stone removal, and Laser lithotripsy
  • Medications
  • Narcotic, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and Diuretic
  • Specialists
  • Primary Care Provider (PCP), Nephrologist, Paediatrician, Urologist, and Emergency Medicine Doctor

 

 

Qube Health
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