It is rightly quoted “Health is like money. We never have a true idea of its value until we lose it.” If you are in your 30s to 50s and have reasonably good health, you shouldn’t become complacent about it.
It’s best to keep your health under check. This can be done by taking screening tests. Such tests can identify a health condition even before it starts showing any symptoms. This will help you to take preventive measures at an initial stage. It is extremely important, and there are screening tests available for any age and gender, such as a health screening for 40-year-old women.
It is important to note that the reports of these tests need to be reviewed by a trained physician. This is because these reports are subjective. What may be normal for one person may not be normal for another? The reports are analyzed by physicians, keeping in mind the overall health condition of the person.
Here are some important medical tests for adults that you should start to take as soon as you reach your 30s and continue them through your 50s.
Below are the recommended medical tests by age :
- Blood Sugar Test:
This test should be done after maintaining a fasting period of 12 hours. It helps detect diabetes. Diabetes, in turn, can cause heart disease, kidney failure, and blindness. This test, or other screening tests for diabetes or prediabetes, should be done at least once every 3 years to enable you to keep your blood sugar levels in check or if you have diabetes, take control of it early on.
- Lipid Profile:
This is considered to be an accurate indicator of the health of your heart. The blood test measures the total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL levels. You’ll find this type of test in health check-up packages. It is recommended to take up this test once in 2 years, provided the readings are normal. For obese patients and people with heart disease and/or diabetes, annual testing may be recommended.
- Colon cancer screening:
This test is recommended for everyone who is 50. Although there are other options, colonoscopy is a test that is recommended quite frequently. It’s recommended that you check out with your doctor which test is the best for you.
- Blood pressure test:
High blood pressure is extremely dangerous. A reading below 120/80 is ideal. If your test comes out to be normal, get tested every year.
A flu shot every year is required for people over 50. Healthy people also need a tetanus booster shot every 10 years, and one of those should contain the pertussis vaccine for whooping cough. Hepatitis A and B vaccines should also be considered if you haven’t already had them. You should be vaccinated against the herpes virus, which causes shingles, after the age of 60. Ask your doctor to update any immunizations that you might need.
Women should start routine mammograms to help detect any early signs of breast cancer when they reach their 30s. This test is one of the tests that feature in important the list of essential medical tests for 30-year women and even the list of medical tests for women at age 40 An early detection of breast cancer can save your breast, which in turn can save your life. Your doctor can suggest how often you should repeat this test.
- Liver Function Test:
This is done should be done annually. It’s done to screen for liver conditions, such as alcohol-induced liver damage, fatty liver, Hepatitis C and B.
- ECG Test:
An electrocardiogram (ECG) test is recommended after the age of 35. It comes under the list of the 40-year-old physical exam for males that are very important. It checks for the risk of heart disease. If the report is normal, it should be repeated annually.
- Urine Analysis:
It is done to check for mainly kidney diseases and other conditions too. It checks for the presence of proteins, sugar, and blood in the urine sample. It can be done every year if everything is normal.
- Thyroid Function Tests:
These blood tests are done to detect underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism). If the test shows normal findings, once-a-year testing should be done.
- Kidney Function Test:
A high reading of serum creatinine mostly indicates impaired kidney function. A reading of 0.3-1.2 is considered normal but the size of an individual also needs to be taken into account.
The above list is comprehensive, however, one must make sure that the right tests are prioritized. This will ensure the right focus and keep you updated. Family illnesses must also be accounted for when choosing the tests to conduct. These can greatly help in preventing illness and extending your wellbeing.