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14 Feb

Fever

Fever is when a human’s body temperature goes above the normal range of 36–37° Centigrade (98–100° Fahrenheit). It is a common medical sign. Other terms for fever include pyrexia and controlled hyperthermia.

What are the causes of a fever?

  • Weather changes
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Some medications
  • Overexposure of skin to sunlight, or sunburn
  • Heatstroke, caused by exposure to high temperatures or prolonged strenuous exercise
  • Dehydration
  • Silicosis, a type of lung disease caused by long-term exposure to silica dust
  • Amphetamine abuse
  • Alcohol withdrawal

What are the symptoms of a fever?

Symptoms of fevers are based on the severity of them. Common symptoms include:

  • feeling cold when nobody else does
  • shivering
  • lack of appetite
  • dehydration — preventable if the person drinks plenty of fluids
  • depression
  • hyperalgesia, or increased sensitivity to pain
  • lethargy
  • problems in concentrating
  • sleepiness
  • sweating
  • If the fever is high, there may also be extreme irritability, confusion, delirium, and seizures.

 

Prevention/Treatment

Care for a fever depends on its severity. A low-grade fever with no other symptoms doesn’t typically require medical treatment. Drinking fluids and resting in bed are usually enough to fight off a fever.

When a fever is accompanied by mild symptoms, such as general discomfort or dehydration, it can be helpful to treat elevated body temperature by:

  • making sure the room temperature where the person is resting is comfortable
  • taking a regular bath or a sponge bath using lukewarm water
  • taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • drinking plenty of fluids

A visit to a doctor is recommended if fever persists after the home remedies. Oral medication might be prescribed.

References

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/168266.php

 

Qube Health
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