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23 Jul

Diabetes Mellitus – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body’s ability to use the energy found in food.

It is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by the impaired ability of the body to produce or respond to insulin and thereby maintain proper levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.

 

What causes diabetes mellitus type 1?

Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.

What causes diabetes mellitus type 2?

Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of diabetes is caused by several factors, including

Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity

Insulin resistance

Genes and family history

 

What are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus?

Symptoms of diabetes include

  • increased thirst and urination
  • increased hunger
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • numbness or tingling in the feet or hands
  • sores that do not heal
  • unexplained weight loss

 

What organs are affected by diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes affects our blood vessels and nerves and therefore can affect any part of the body.

 

Prevention/Treatment:

Preventive measures:

  • Be fit
  • Have physical exercise
  • Have a nutritious diet

Treatment:

  • Dietary Management and Physical Activity

Modifying eating habits and increasing physical activity are typically the first steps toward reducing blood sugar levels’ dietary plans. Good food nutrient content, healthy cooking, and exercise can help a long way.

  • Insulin Therapy

People with Type 1 diabetes require multiple insulin injections each day to maintain safe insulin levels. Insulin is often required to treat Type 2 diabetes too. Your doctor will determine your dose and how often you need to take insulin. There is no standard insulin dose as it depends on factors such as your body weight, when you eat, how often you exercise and how much insulin your body produces.

  • Oral Medications

Sometimes blood sugar levels remain high in people with Type 2 diabetes even though they eat in a healthy manner and exercise regularly. When this happens, medications taken in pill form may be prescribed.

 

Sources:

https://www.britannica.com/science/diabetes-mellitus

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems

 

Qube Health
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