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23 Jul

Dengue Fever – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever causes a high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death.

Dengue fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. It is also known as breakbone fever.

 

What are the causes of dengue fever?

Dengue fever is caused when an infected mosquito bites you.

What organs are affected?

In severe infection, the liver and bone marrow can get affected.

 

Symptoms:

Symptoms of constipation are:

Symptoms occur four to seven days after you are bitten by an infected mosquito.

Symptoms of dengue fever are

  • High fever-104 F degrees
  • Headache
  • Muscle, bone and joint pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

Symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever or severe dengue are:

  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Bleeding from your gums or nose
  • Blood in your urine, stools or vomit
  • Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising
  • Difficult or rapid breathing
  • Cold or clammy skin (shock)
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability or restlessness

 

Prevention/Treatment:

Although a vaccine has been created, WHO suggests the reduction of breeding grounds for mosquitoes will benefit more. Tips to prevent dengue are:

  • Stay in air-conditioned or well-screened housing.
  • Wear protective clothing.
  • Use mosquito repellent.
  • Reduce mosquito habitat.

 

Sources:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/symptoms-causes/syc-20353078

 

 

Qube Health
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