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23 Jul

Conjunctivitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview:

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is an irritation or inflammation of the conjunctiva, which covers the white part of the eyeball. It can be caused by allergies or bacterial or viral infections. Conjunctivitis can be extremely contagious and is spread by contact with eye secretions from someone who is infected.

 

What are the causes of conjunctivitis?

  • Viruses, including the kind that causes the common cold
  • Bacteria
  • Irritants such as shampoos, dirt, smoke, and pool chlorine
  • A reaction to eyedrops
  • An allergic reaction to things like pollen, dust, or smoke
  • An allergy that affects some people who wear contact lenses
  • Fungi, amoebas, and parasites
  • Conjunctivitis sometimes results from a sexually transmitted disease (STD )
  • Gonorrhea can bring on a rare but dangerous form of bacterial conjunctivitis
  • Chlamydia can cause conjunctivitis in adults

 

What are the symptoms of conjunctivitis?

The symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Burning, itchy eyes that discharge a thick, sticky mucus may indicate a bacterial pink eye.
  • Tearing, a swollen lymph node under the jaw or in front of the ear, and a light discharge of mucus from one or both eyes are often signs of viral pink eye.
  • People with a viral pink eye commonly have symptoms of an upper respiratory infection or cold as well.
  • Redness, intense itching, and tears in both eyes may indicate an allergic pink eye.
  • Slight blurring of vision.

 

What organs are affected by conjunctivitis?

The only organ that may have some damage is one’s eyes.

 

Prevention/Treatment:

In case of burning, itching, and discharge from eyes, doctors carry out a medical eye exam and check for inflammation to understand the type of treatment required for conjunctivitis.

The treatment of the same includes:

  • Home remedies might be enough to soothe pink eye symptoms associated with colds, minor infections, or allergies.
  • Treatment consists primarily of cleansing the eyes.
  • To help relieve the discomfort of pink eye, apply a warm compress for 5 to 10 minutes, three to four times a day.
  • Preservative-free artificial tears can be applied a few times a day. Never use steroid eye drops or medications from a friend without a doctor’s prescription.

 

Sources:

https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/eye-health-conjunctivitis#1

 

Qube Health
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